286 ff, “Persian Poetry, Sufism and Ismailism: The Testimony of Khwajah Qasim Tushtari's Recognizing God.”, quoted in H. Ritter, "Philologika X," pp. منطق الطیر - هفت شهر عشق = Mantiq Al-Tayr = Maqāmāt-uṭ-Ṭuyūr = The Conference of the Birds, Farid ud-Din Attar The Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds (1177), is a celebrated literary masterpiece of Persian literature by poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. 8 poems of Farid ud-Din Attar. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist. At the age of 78, Attar died a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishapur in April 1221. Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. The thoughts depicted in `Attar's works reflects the whole evolution of the Sufi movement. Eventually, he abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely - to Baghdad, Basra, Kufa, Mecca, Medina, Damascus, Khwarizm, Turkistan, and India, meeting with Sufi Shaykhs - and returned promoting Sufi ideas. Let love lead your soul. or. The piece received its first performance by Saba Orchestra and the vocalist Khatereh Parvaneh at the National Television in Tehran. Ajouter des informations. There are also some Qasida ("Odes"), but they amount to less than one-seventh of the Divan. Folio from an illustrated manuscript dated c.1600. Judging from `Attar's writings, he approached the available Aristotelian heritage with skepticism and dislike. The first recorded use of this metre for a mathnawi poem took place at the Nizari Ismaili fortress of Girdkuh between 1131-1139. Allama Iqbal. They are sometimes modeled after Sanai. Dec 13, 2014 - appendixjournal: “ An illustration from Attar of Nishapur’s poem “The Conference of the Birds” (1177 CE). Attar's poetry inspired Rumi and many other Sufi poets. Attar of Nishapur- Persian Muslim poet Tehran (ISNA) - Abu Hamed Abu Bakr Attar of Nishapur was a Persian Muslim poet, and mystic has lived between 1145 c –1221c. Intoxicated By The Wine Of Love, In The Dead Of Night, The Triumph Of The Soul PDF. 5.12. [5] There are many more examples of such subtle symbols and allusions throughout the Mantiq. Attar of … When the birds assemble, they wonder why they have no king. Faridi-ul-Din Attar (or Faridudin) was born in Nishapur, in the Iranian province of Khorasan and died in the same city. Mystic Poet; Born: c. 1110 Nishapur, Persia: Died: c. 1220 (aged 109–110) Nishapur, Persia: Venerated in: Islam: Influences: Ferdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami: Influenced: Rumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets: Tradition or genre. ), and an equally rich group of themes typical of lyrical poetry of erotic inspiration adopted by mystical literature (the torment of love, impossible union, beauty of the loved one, stereotypes of the love story as weakness, crying, separation).[24]. In the introductions of Mukhtār-Nāma (مختارنامه) and Khusraw-Nāma (خسرونامه), Attar lists the titles of further products of his pen: He also states, in the introduction of the Mukhtār-Nāma, that he destroyed the Jawāhir-Nāma' and the Šarḥ al-Qalb with his own hand. In the Book of God (Ilahi-nama) 'Attar framed his mystical teachings in various stories that a caliph tells his six sons, who are kings themselves and seek worldly pleasures and power. Rumi has mentioned both of them with the highest esteem several times in his poetry. The literary historian, Muhammad ‘Awfi, who visited Nishapur around 1200 CE, describes ‘Attar as a pious, withdrawn Sufi and a fine mystical poet. Attar. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221; Persian: ابو حامد بن ابوبکر ابراهیم‎), better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn (فرید الدین) and ʿAṭṭār (عطار, Attar means apothecary), was a Persian[3][4][5] poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. Attar met Rumi at the end of his life when Rumi was only a boy and gave his book Asrarnameh (The Book of secrets) as a present to him. Yet, whoever looks into that mirror will also behold his or her own image." [4] His talent for perception of deeper meanings behind outward appearances enables him to turn details of everyday life into illustrations of his thoughts. The Diwan of Attar (Persian: دیوان عطار‎) consists almost entirely of poems in the Ghazal ("lyric") form, as he collected his Ruba'i ("quatrains") in a separate work called the Mokhtar-nama. PDF. Profanity : Our optional filter replaced words with *** on this page •, © by owner. `Attar is one of the most famous mystic poets of Iran. [4] At the same time, the mystic Persian poet Rumi has mentioned: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[8] and mentions in another poem: Attar traveled through all the seven cities of love, While I am only at the bend of the first alley..[9], `Attar was probably the son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. Fifty Poems of Attar. Create a free account to download. Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The hoopoe, the wisest of them all, suggests that they should find the legendary Simorgh. Daadbeh, Asghar and Melvin-Koushki, Matthew, “ʿAṭṭār Nīsābūrī”, in: Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār, in Encyclopædia Britannica, online edition - accessed December 2012. It adheres to a meter of ten or eleven syllables per line, in rhyming couplets. He has provided the inspiration for Rumi and many other poets. Lewis, 2000). Shaykh Fariduddin Attar in words of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. In 1963 the Persian composer Hossein Dehlavi wrote a piece for voice and orchestra on Attar's 'Forugh-e Eshgh'. Today it is the official language of. Rekisteröityminen ja tarjoaminen on ilmaista. 'Attar also means rose oil. Enjoy the best Attar of Nishapur quotes and picture quotes! Ajouter une vidéo. Written and compiled throughout much of his life and published before his death, the compelling account of the execution of the mystic Mansur al-Hallaj, who had uttered the words "I am the Truth" in a state of ecstatic contemplation, is perhaps the most well known extract from the book. Several musical artists have albums or songs which share the name of his most famous work, Conference of the Birds, as well as the themes of enlightenment contained therein. Farid ud-Din Attar was apparently tried at one point for heresy and exiled from Nishapur, but he eventually returned to his home city and that is where he died. 'Attar began The Conference of the Birds (Mantiq al-tair) with an invocation praising the holy Creator in which he suggested that one must live a hundred lives to know oneself; but you must know God by the deity, not by yourself, for God opens the way, not human wisdom. Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. In the Mokhtar-nama, a coherent group of mystical and religious subjects is outlined (search for union, sense of uniqueness, distancing from the world, annihilation, amazement, pain, awareness of death, etc. He is one of the most ancient poets of Persia. [4] The people he helped in the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in `Attar and this affected him deeply. `Attar, along with Sanai were two of the greatest influences on Rumi in his Sufi views. His ideas and exquisite verse deserve a wider circulation than has been accorded … Like many of his other poems, it is in the mathnawi genre of rhyming couplets. 'Attar believed that God is beyond all human knowledge. Finally, only thirty birds make it to the abode of Simorgh. The hoopoe tells the birds that they have to cross seven valleys in order to reach the abode of Simorgh. Attar of Nishapur (The Conference of the Birds) To seek death is death's only cure. It was built by Ali-Shir Nava'i in the 16th century and later on underwent a total renovation during the rule of Reza Shah in 1940. Fifty Poems of Attar Addeddate 2015-12-03 06:22:03 Identifier FiftyPoemsOfAttar Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7tn1222s Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0 Ppi 600 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.3. plus-circle Add Review. Sourced quotations by the Persian Poet Attar of Nishapur (1142 — 1221) about love, god and soul. [14][15] He did not seem to want to reveal the secrets of nature. His lyric poetry does not significantly differ from that of his narrative poetry, and the same may be said of the rhetoric and imagery. These valleys are as follows:[20][21], Sholeh Wolpé writes, "When the birds hear the description of these valleys, they bow their heads in distress; some even die of fright right then and there. The story of Sultan Mahmood travelling faster than Messenger. 0 poems of Attar of Nishapur. [13] In explaining his thoughts, 'Attar uses material not only from specifically Sufi sources but also from older ascetic legacies. [4] Attar's lyrics express the same ideas that are elaborated in his epics. provided at no charge for educational purposes, http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/show/132284-Edward-FitzGerald-Bird-Parliament--translation-of-. Information about Attar’s life is scarce and has been mythologized over the centuries. Although the contemporary sources confirm only `Attar's authorship of the Dīwān and the Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr, there are no grounds for doubting the authenticity of the Mukhtār-Nāma and Khusraw-Nāma and their prefaces. `Attar means herbalist, druggist, perfumist or alchemist, and during his lifetime in Persia, much of medicine and drugs were based on herbs. As sources on the hagiology and phenomenology of Sufism, however, his works have immense value. While his works say little else about his life, they tell us that he practiced the profession of pharmacy and personally attended to a very large number of customers. Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams Phenomenal Woman, Still I Rise, The Road Not Taken, If You Forget Me, Dreams This paper. [7] He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi. [23], Mukhtār-Nāma (Persian: مختار نامه‎), a wide-ranging collection of quatrains (2088 in number). However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period. Paintings by Habiballah of Sava (active ca. The oft-repeated story of ‘Attar meeting young Rumi in Nishapur belongs to the realm of succession myths (F.D. A short summary of this paper. The soul will manifest itself when the body is laid aside. Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm, better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn and ʿAṭṭār, was a Persian poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. While the mathnawi genre of poetry may use a variety of different metres, Attar adopted a particular meter, that was later imitated by Rumi in his famous Mathnawi-yi Ma’nawi, which then became the mathnawi metre par excellence. He has often being referred as Farid-ul-Din of Nishapur. 6 Full PDFs related to this paper. Rumi, as quoted in Fodor's Iran (1979) by Richard Moore and Peter Sheldon, p. 277; God is Eternal … Here in this garden of a lower Eden, Attar perfumed the soul of the humblest of men. Loading Preview Download pdf × Close Log In. Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr or the Conference of the Birds or Speech of the Birds is a Persian poem by Sufi poet Farid ud-Din Attar, commonly known as Attar of Nishapur. Download Full PDF Package. [4] Today, his mausoleum is located in Nishapur. The starting point is the idea that the body-bound soul's awaited release and return to its source in the other world can be experienced during the present life in mystic union attainable through inward purification. - Farid ud Din Attar - translation Margaret Smith -. Sana'i, Maulvi and Attar are the three peaks of Persian mysticism that used poetry to express their intentions and thoughts. It is said that Rumi actually met Attar when Attar was an old man and Rumi was a boy, though some scholars dispute this possibility. This adroit handling of symbolisms and allusions can be seen reflected in these lines: It was in China, late one moonless night, The Simorgh first appeared to mortal sight – Beside the symbolic use of the Simorgh, the allusion to China is also very significant. Come you lost Atoms to your Centre draw, … Such knowledge is only brought into his works in contexts where the theme of a story touches on a branch of the natural sciences. Attar of Nishapur (The Newborn) The home we seek is in eternity. Tagged: Fariduddin Attar of Nishapur . La conférence des oiseaux di Farid Uddin Attar Adattamento teatrale e regia di Jean-Claude Carrière Con Jean-Claude Carrière e Nahal Tajadod Commento … Farid al-Din 'Attar was born at Nishapur in northern Persia on November 12, 1119, but sources on his date of death vary from 1193 to 1234. In 1990 the opera singer Hossein Sarshar performed this piece as well which its recording is available. According to Idries Shah, China as used here, is not the geographical China, but the symbol of mystic experience, as inferred from the Hadith (declared weak by Ibn Adee, but still used symbolically by some Sufis): "Seek knowledge; even as far as China". On translating Attar, Attar in Encyclopedia Iranica by B. Reinert, Deewan-e-Attar in original Persian single pdf file uploaded by javed Hussen, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attar_of_Nishapur&oldid=998121596, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, R. M. Chopra, 2014, " Great Poets of Classical Persian ", Sparrow Publication, Kolkata (, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:47. 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