15Nevertheless, the Supreme Court’s ruling reads less as a wholesale endorsement of the principle of Parliamentary sovereignty than as a careful appraisal of the specific status of European law and domestic statutes derived therefrom, and of the role of the British Parliament regarding the sources of law of the United Kingdom. On the other hand, the cavaliers supported the King Charles I and Charles II of England. 13After a few days’ deliberation, the High Court ruled in favour of the claimants, underlining that withdrawal from the EU would mean that a considerable amount of statute law, passed by the British Parliament in application of European legislation, would have to be modified or repealed – a task which could only be carried out by Parliament itself. 27While the EU referendum may have been designed as a short-term solution to the long-term problem of Eurosceptic rebellion within the Conservative party, the “mutiny” is likely to outlast Brexit itself because the issue of Europe has been, and will remain, the crux of many a debate surrounding not only the issue of sovereignty among the Tories, but also the focal point of several layers of polarising matters such as immigration, the economy, the Constitution and the very fabric of British identity. 17 Nelson, N., “Tory Civil War looms as Eurosceptic Roundheads threaten David Cameron and his Cavaliers”, Daily Mirror, 13 February 2016. The female moisture cannot keep up with the drying effect of the longer thrusts the circumcised male must make to even feel anything. 0 0. As all three branches of the government (legislative, executive, and judicial, with the High Court and Supreme Court weighing in on the issue) became involved, the respective powers of each branch were consequently thrown into the spotlight and are still today the crux of many debates, from the representative function of MPs to the role of judges considering the challenge Brexit is causing to the structure of legal sources in the UK. Lv 4. Roundheads vs Cavaliers. ADVERTISNG • To know how soldiers fought in the Civil War and what they looked like. 5 years ago. 14 June 1645 Charles’s Royalist forces suffer a humiliating defeat by the New Model Army at the Battle of Naseby. Some differences between the round-heads and the Cavaliers are that the cavaliers supported the King and the round-heads supported Parliament. For instance, Diane Abbott and Chuka Umunna, MPs for two London constituencies, voted in favour of the bill12 whereas their constituency recorded some of the highest percentages of “Remain” ballots in the referendum in 2016 (both 79 %).13 Conversely, two Liberal Democrat MPs, Norman Lamb and Greg Mulholland, voted in favour of invoking Article 50 out of respect for their democratic role14 even though leader Tim Farron had made the opposition to Brexit the core of his party’s ideology. 'Cavaliers', the gentry of the northern and western areas, were Royalists and supported the king. Circumcision - roundheads vs. cavaliers. The first few months of her term in office have proven all the more difficult as the unprecedented nature of Brexit has led to high-profile legal challenges in the courts, especially in R (on the application of Miller) v Secretary of State for leaving the European Union. Despite Corbyn’s orders, a fifth of all Labour MPs (47 out of 229, including Heidi Alexander, former Shadow Secretary of State for Health, and Ben Bradshaw, former Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport) voted against the bill.11 However, a large majority of opposition MPs diligently followed the line imposed by their leader although they might have been prominent figures in the “Remain” campaign or despite the fact that their constituencies had voted in favour of remaining in the EU in the referendum. February 1645 The New Model Army is established with Oliver Cromwell second in command to Sir Thomas Fairfax. 8The British Constitution is indeed quite different in nature to that of the European Union or of many of its member states, in that it does not consist of one single document. 14While the courts sided with the claimant, who had made the principle of Parliamentary sovereignty the core of their case, it remains difficult to say whether the judges’ point of view can be labelled as that of “Roundheads”, if the Civil War-era metaphor is to be extended. As the saying goes, the Cavaliers were wrong but romantic, whilst the the Roundheads were right but repulsive. King during the English Civil War. This fight between supporters of the principle of Parliamentary sovereignty, as opposed to the government’s, has encouraged several observers to describe Britain’s current political situation in Civil War-era terms, as “Roundheads versus Cavaliers”. 1629 After Parliament objects to his collection of ‘tonnage and poundage’ taxes, Charles takes the drastic decision to dissolve Parliament, claiming he is accountable only to God. First, until the referendum, the “Remain” campaign, led by the Prime Minister, held the view that defeat was quite unlikely, so no contingency plans seem to have been drawn up. On the other hand, the claimants contested this view not only by referring to the general principle of Parliamentary sovereignty (which ought, in their view, to be upheld in the face of such a momentous decision as leaving the Union), but also by underlining that the United Kingdom had formally joined the European Union in 1972 after an act was passed by Parliament to that effect (European Communities Act 1972). What do you think of the answers? The representative function of MPs : party versus constituency. As the article’s author suggests, “the issue, then as now, was sovereignty”, with the leadership of the Conservative party at stake and rival factions in motion. 16The decisions of the High Court and of the Supreme Court were met with polarising – though quite predictable – reactions from the press.
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