The speaker of the House of Commons sent a letter to sheriffs of each county. The Protestation Returnssurvive for about a third of English counties. By order of the House of Commons, all adult men were asked to swear an oath of allegiance to the Protestant religion in 1642. On the following day it was tendered to the House of Lords and subscribed by most of those in attendance, including, uneasily, the bishops.12 On 5 May the Commons ordered the The Protestation Returns owe their existence to the unrest which prevailed in Parliament during the passage of the bill for the Attainder of the Earl of Strafford in 1641. 41 states as follows: 41.–(1)If it should appear that fewer than forty Members (including the occupant of the chair and the tellers) have taken part in a division, the business under consideration shall stand over until the next sitting of the House … Insisting that the House had the right to decide when to adjourn, Holles ordered the Speaker to remain seated until the Three Resolutions had been passed. On the following day, the Protestant members of the House of Lords signed, but refused to authorize a law requiring all Englishmen to sign. On the 6th May 1641 a Bill was introduced in the House of Commons imposing the signing of the Protestation on all Englishmen of 18 years and above. Durham protestations; or, The returns made to the House of Commons in 1641/2 for the maintenance of the Protestant religion for the county palatine of Durham, for the borough of Berwick-upon-Tweed and the parish of Morpeth Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. The members signed the oath on 3 May 1641. The Parliamentary Archives holds several million historical records relating to Parliament, dating from 1497. Mr. Speaker taking his Chair, Mr. Serjeant Ashley, from the Grand Committee, presenteth to the House a Draught of the Protestation concerning the Privileges of the House. Also the occasion of his Majesties comming to Guild Hall on Wednesday, with the conference betweene his Majesty and the lord major, concerning these present tumults in the citie. 11. In the Commons the protestation was "entertained hainously" with "some comparing, yea preferring it to the Powder-plot. House of Commons Standing Order No. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. For the texts of the Commons’ petition of 3 Dec. and Protestation of 18 Dec. see The Stuart Constitution ed. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation … The antecedents of the Protestation can be divided into political and religious aspects. [1] The MPs believed that if they conceded that they had no right to debate matters which displeased the King, Parliament would be obsolete. Some of the darkest moments in the history of Parliament are revealed in the most comprehensive survey ever compiled of the House of Commons in the early seventeenth century. LJ, iii. 377). Historic documents (including photographs and illustrations) are photographed by our dedicated Imaging Team who also provide a bespoke paid-for copying service.. We’re working to increase the number of documents available online to support independent research. The Protestation Returns owe their existence to the unrest which prevailed in Parliament during the passage of the bill for the Attainder of the Earl of Strafford in 1641. The House of Commons had passed the bill on the 21st of April and the House of Lords gave it a second reading on the 27th April. Out the Protestation denounced Arminianism and encouraged merchants to refuse to pay tonnage and poundage decency. In a few areassuch as Cornwall, people wrote their own names, and women were included and by! 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