The Pennsylvania ruffled grouse, sometimes called the partridge, was declared the state bird by the PA General Assembly on June 22, 1931. Capital Harrisburg Population 1 (2010) 12,702,379; (2019 est.) Nostrilsconcealed among the feathers. Oct 15, 2013 - State Bird of Pennsylvania - Ruffed Grouse at SongbirdGarden.com A yellowish-white band from the upper mandibleto the eye, beyond which it is prolonged. Ruffed grouse, Moraine State Park, 13 Nov 2020 (photo by Dave Brooke) 16 November 2020. Resources: The Birdzilla.com web site has a very large section on bird identification, including sections on improving your bird identification skills to helping you identify a bird … Capital Harrisburg Population 1 (2010) 12,702,379; (2019 est.) The females follow in small parties of three or four. Plumage compact, glossy. But that this is an error, I have abundantly satisfiedmyself by numberless observations. There are two regulations in Pennsylvania, one for bird banding and the other for scientific collecting. State Bird: Ruffed Grouse This brown, chicken-like bird gets its name from the black “ruffs” on the side of its neck. The ruffed grouse is a hardy bird which thrives during severe winters that decimate flocks of quail, pheasants, and turkeys. I love Pennsylvania and love the songbirds of this state. More info Download Worksheet. I have shot some, and have heard themdrumming in such places, when there were no hills nearer than fifteen ortwenty miles. State Bird of Pennsylvania - Ruffed Goose. Ruffed Goose - State Bird of Pennsylvania coloring sheet - part of the learn-to-read, read-to-me series of reading games. I suspect it is only when the birds have beenkept a long time undrawn and unplucked, that the flesh becomes impregnatedwith the juice of these leaves. The ruffed grouse was an important part of the food supply for early settlers, and it’s still a familiar sight in Pennsylvania forests today. Under the laws of Pennsylvania, the game bird industry in the state is licensed and regulated by the Pennsylvania Game Commission. Theproventricular glands are large, 3 twelfths long, occupying a space ofonly 7 twelfths of an inch in breadth. Yes. Sometimes called the partridge, the ruffed grouse is one of 10 species of grouse native to North America, ranging mostly in regions where snow is an important part of the winter scene (consistently covering the ground from late November to at least late March). The gentle coolness thatprevails in them during the summer heat is agreeable and beneficial tothese birds, and the closeness of their undergrowth in other spots moderatesthe cold blasts of winter. The state flower of Pennsylvania is the mountain laurel. In perfectly calmweather, it may be heard at the distance of two hundred yards, but mightbe supposed to proceed from a much greater distance. A group of scientific advisors (known as the Ornithological Technical Committee) has identified over 80 IBA sites encompassing over two million acres of Pennsylvania's public and private land. Pennsylvania State Facts. Should theGrouse, however, run into a thicket, or even over a place where many driedleaves lie on the ground, it suddenly stops, squats, and remains closeuntil the danger is over, or until it is forced by a dog or the sportsmanhimself to rise against its wish. Sometimes called the partridge, the ruffed grouse is one of 10 species of grouse native to North America, ranging mostly in regions where snow is an important part of the winter scene (consistently covering the ground from late November to at least late March). Perhaps, after all, the preference may depend upon a peculiarityin my own taste; or I may give the superiority to the Ruffed Grouse, becauseit is as rarely met with in the Southern States, where I have chiefly resided,as the Pinnated Grouse is in the Middle Districts; and were the bon-vivantsof our eastern cities to be occasionally satiated with the latter birds,as I have been, they might possibly think their flesh as dry and flavourlessas I do. Male, female, juvenile. Theyoung birds often prove equally difficult to be obtained, for as they areraised from amongst the closely tangled laurels, they only fly a few yards,and again drop among them. & Rich. 12,801,989 Total area (sq mi) 46,054 Total area (sq km) 119,280 Governor Tom Wolf (Democrat) State nickname Keystone State Permit application forms The Pennsylvania Game Commission receives permit… All State Birds. It is the state bird of Colorado. At length, however, they resolveupon crossing the river; and this they accomplish with so much ease, thatI never saw any of them drop into the water. The official website of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Feet ofordinary length; tarsus feathered, excepting at the lower part anteriorly,where it is scutellate, spurless; toes scutellate above, pectinated onthe sides; claws arched, depressed, obtuse. With more than 400 species of birds documented in the state, including 186 breeding species of birds, a birder will find year round opportunity to engage in bird watching. The rings are feeble andunossified, 100 in number. A few moments elapse, when the bird draws the whole of itsfeathers close to its body, and stretching itself out, beats its sideswith its wings, in the manner of the domestic Cock, but more loudly, andwith such rapidity of motion, after a few of the first strokes, as to causea tremor in the air not unlike the rumbling of distant thunder. The US50 - A guide to the fifty states The US50 is a extensive guide to history, outdoors, tourism, events and attractions for the fifty states. In such placesas the groves just mentioned, the species now before you, kind reader,is to be met with, as you travel towards the south, through the whole ofTennessee and the Choctaw Territory; but as you approach the city of Natchezthey disappear, nor have I ever heard of one of these birds having beenseen in the State of Louisiana. The Ruffed Grouse, on alighting upon a tree, after being raised fromthe ground, perches amongst the thickest parts of the foliage, and, assumingat once an erect attitude, stands perfectly still, and remains silent untilall appearance of danger has vanished. Birds Audubon's Birds and Climate Change Report: 314 birds on the brink! Official state symbols, emblems, and icons of Pennsylvania - places to see in Pennsylvania - landmarks, parks, historic markers, cities and towns - learn the culture and history of Pennsylvania! Throat and lower part of theneck light brownish-yellow. On the ground, where the Ruffed Grouse spends a large portion of itstime, its motions are peculiarly graceful. They roost on trees, amongst the thickest parts of the foliage,sitting at some distance from each other, and may easily be smoked to death,by using the necessary precautions. A tuft of lightchestnut feathers under the wings. Tree: Eastern Hemlock More Symbols and Emblems. The Ruffed Grouse, Pennsylvania's state bird since 1931, is in danger of leaving the Keystone state due to climate change. Pennsylvania’s State Bird Chased My Car. Pennsylvania's State Flag is composed of a blue field on which is embroidered the State Coat of Arms. While a variety of birds may be seen anywhere, birds are attracted to particular habitat conditions. RUFFED GROUSE, Tetrao umbellus, Wils. Rhode Island State Bird. Enacted by the General Assembly on October 2, 1959; State Beverage: Milk. In the maritime portions of South Carolina it doesnot exist. Pennsylvania's State Flag is composed of a blue field on which is embroidered the State Coat of Arms. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Linn. Feathers of the head narrow and elongated intoa curved tuft. If started from theground, with or without the assistance of a dog, they immediately alighton the nearest trees, and are easily shot. They are able to fly for a few yards at a time, when only sixor seven days old, and still very small. At Pittsburg I have bought them, some years ago, for 121/2 cents the pair. The ruffed grouse is the official state bird of Pennsylvania. Learn more fun facts and add color to bring it to life! The female, whichnever drums, flies directly to the place where the male is thus engaged,and, on approaching him, opens her wings before him, balances her bodyto the right and left, and then receives his caresses. Quills brownish-dusky, their outerwebs pale reddish, spotted with dusky. Little has been recorded about the grouse's adoption. The stomach, [c d], is a very powerful muscular gizzard, 1 inch8 twelfths long, 1 inch 9 twelfths broad; the inferior muscle very large,1 twelfth thick; the lateral muscles extremely developed, the left 6 twelfths,the right 5 twelfths in thickness; the epithelium thick, tough, yellowish-brown,with two concave surfaces, which are deeply grooved longitudinally. Their drumming is to be heard issuing from these peacefulretreats in early spring, at the same time that the booming of their relative,the Pinnated Grouse, is recognised, as it reaches the ear of the traveller,from the different parts of the more open country around. During spring, and towards the latter part of autumn, at which timethe Ruffed Grouse is heard drumming from different parts of the woods towhich it resorts, I have shot many a fine cock by imitating the sound ofits own wings striking against the body, which I did by beating a largeinflated bullock’s bladder with a stick, keeping up as much as possiblethe same time as that in which the bird beats. Learn more fun facts and add color to bring it to life! The same trunk is resorted to by the same birds during the season, unlessthey are frequently disturbed. Enacted by the General Assembly on April 29, 1982; State Bird: Ruffed Grouse. The tongue is triangular, flattened, sagittate and papillateat the base, 9 twelfths long, fleshy and pointed. Pennsylvania has many official “mascots.”Each of these symbols is connected to history, honors a native species, or recognizes a product of importance to Pennsylvania’s economy. Amer.,vol. Birds molt their feathers, young to adult plumage or winter to spring plumage. Feet yellowish-grey.Upper part of the head and hind part of the neck bright yellowish-red.Back rich chestnut, marked with oblong white spots, margined with black.Upper wing-coverts similar to the back. The mountainous parts of the Middle States being more usually the chosenresidence of this species, I shall, with your permission, kind reader,return to them, and try to give you an account of this valuable Grouse. Read more It is non-migratory. Bird (Game): Ruffed Grouse. Body bulky. Orn., vol. Some dressed birds are also sold to individuals and the gourmet food markets. Birders will find a combination of waterbirds on the park’s 1,700-acre lake, interesting nesting birds, and excellent migrant watching in … Perhaps I should write on the songbirds in my neck of the woods now :-) Thanks and regards, Suhail and my dog K2. In spring, drumming becomes more frequent and prolonged as the ruffed grouse cock advertises his location to hens seeking a mate. On my way to meet friends at Moraine State Park last Friday, I stopped to check a few coves for tundra swans. The same appellation is employed in the Middle Districts, to theeast of the mountains, and until you enter the State of Connecticut; afterwhich that of Partridge prevails. The rest of the under parts yellowish-white,with broad transverse spots of brownish-red; the abdomen yellowish-red;and the under tail-coverts mottled with brown. Commission Meeting Jan. 2018 Presentation video (15:00) These trunks are easily known by the quantityof excrements and feathers about them. Enacted by the General Assembly on October 2, 1959; State Beverage: Milk. The males have the liberty of promiscuousconcubinage, although not to such an extent as those of the Pinnated Grouse.They have frequent and severe battles at this season, which, although witnessedby the females, are never interrupted by them. Ruffed Grouse Wildlife Note. State Dog: Great Dane The Pennsylvania state bird, the Ruffed Grouse, is medium-sized and lives in the Appalachian Mountains. The Pennsylvania Game Commission has launched a new tool to identify prime ruffed grouse recovery areas for groups working to restore habitat for Pennsylvania’s state bird… It is the only species in the genus Bonasa. Head and neck small. Very well written hub with great shots. Thesegroves afford them abundant food and security. Bird and Parrot classifieds. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. It is also stiff, and performed with a continued beatingof the wings for more than half its duration, after which the bird sailsand seems to balance its body as it proceeds through the air, in the mannerof a vessel sailing right before the wind. Formed in 1996, Pennsylvania developed the first statewide Important Bird Area (IBA) program in the country. At the sound produced bythe bladder and the stick, the male Grouse, inflamed with jealousy, hasflown directly towards me, when, being prepared, I have easily shot it.An equally successful stratagem is employed to decoy the males of our littlePartridge by imitating the call-note of the female during spring and summer;but in no instance, after repeated trials, have I been able to entice thePinnated Grouse to come towards me, whilst imitating the booming soundsof that bird. Learn more fun facts and add color to bring it to life! I say still more uncertain, because at this puttingup of the birds, they generally rise higher over the bushes, flying ina straight course, whereas at the second start, they often fly among thelaurels, and rise above them in a circuitous manner, when to follow themalong the barrel of the gun is considerably more difficult. Pennsylvania Society for Ornithology website. November 16, 2020 Bird Behavior, Doves & Chickens Kate St. John. Thesepartial movings might not be noticed, were not the birds obliged to flyacross rivers of great breadth, as whilst in the mountain lands their groupsare as numerous as those which attempt these migrations; but on the north-westbanks of the Ohio and Susquehanna rivers, no one who pays the least attentionto the manners and habits of our birds, can fail to observe them. i. p. 657. Not more than two or threedays elapse after they have reached the opposite shore, when they at onceproceed to the interior of the forests, in search of places congenial tothe general character of their habits. The charming groves which here and there contrast so beautifully withthe general dull appearance of those parts of Kentucky and Tennessee, towhich the name of Barrens is given, are sought by the Ruffed Grouse. Discover Penn State. Pennsylvania State Bird . The Grouseapproach the banks of the Ohio in parties of eight or ten, now and thenof twelve or fifteen, and, on arriving there, linger in the woods closeby for a week or a fortnight, as if fearful of encountering the dangerto be incurred in crossing the stream. Download pennsylvania state bird stock photos. This was an update to the 2011 version of the list (click to view). The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian Mountains across Canada to Alaska. Ruffed grouse, Moraine State Park, 13 Nov 2020 (photo by Dave Brooke) 16 November 2020. Enacted by the General Assembly on April 29, 1982; State Bird: Ruffed Grouse. In this species the palate is flat, with two longitudinal ridges converginganteriorly; the space between these ridges and the slit covered with smallpapillae. When snow covers the ground, ruffed grouse are almost exclusively "flower-eaters," living on the dormant flower buds or catkins of trees such as aspens, birches, cherries, ironwood and filberts. As the season advances, the drummingis repeated more frequently at all hours of the day; and where these birdsare abundant, this curious sound is heard from all parts of the woods inwhich they reside. There this species breeds, and is at all timesto be found. Pennsylvania 2013 Population (Estimate): 12,773,801. Different species of Hawksdestroy them, particularly the Red-tailed Hawk and the Cooper’s Hawk. When the ground is covered with snow sufficiently soft to allow thisbird to conceal itself under it, it dives headlong into it with such forceas to form a hole several yards in length, re-appears at that distance,and continues to elude the pursuit of the sportsman by flight. Source | Reference Links | Additional Resources, Ruffed Grouse: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; All About Birds, Pennsylvania's State Symbols (pdf): PA Senate R. John Heinz at Tinicum National Wildlife Refuge. In fact,I do not believe that it is emitted by any species of Grouse, unless whensurprised and forced to rise. Male ruffed grouse are aggressively territorial throughout their adult lives, defending a 6-10 acre piece of woodland shared with one or two hens. According to Dr. RICHARDSON, it reachesnorthward as far as the 56th parallel, and spends the winter on the banksof the Saskatchewan, where it is plentiful. Pennsylvania is a state that has plenty of hawk activity. This usually happens in the beginningof October, when these birds are in the very best order for the table,and at this period great numbers of them are killed. 2. The Pennsylvania state bird, the Ruffed Grouse, is medium-sized and lives in the Appalachian Mountains. This Rhode Island state bird coloring sheet features a popular breed of chicken. The state bird of Pennsylvania is Bonasa umbellus, the ruffed grouse. It may happen, however, that in districts covered with deep snowfor several weeks, during severe winters, these birds, becoming emaciatedand weak, may stand a repetition of shots from a person determined to shootGrouse even when they are good for nothing; but, kind reader, this barbaroustaste is, I hope, no more yours than it is mine. The trachea is 6 inches long, rather slender, its breadth at the top3 twelfths, at the lower part 2 1/2 twelfths. It poises its body on one foot for several secondsat a time, and utters a soft cluck, which in itself implies a degree ofconfidence in the bird that its tout ensemble is deserving of the noticeof any bystander. It is now ascertained that this species extends over the whole breadthof the Continent, it being found from our Atlantic districts to those borderingthe Pacific Ocean, Mr. TOWNSEND having observed it on the Missouri andalong the Columbia river, and Mr. DRUMMOND having procured specimens inthe valleys of the Columbia river. Licensed Propagators. Pennsylvania state bird, state population, state symbols and other information for the state of Pennsylvania. We are also focused on protecting habitat for state “responsibility” species; species that have a high percentage of their global populations in Pennsylvania. To thewest of the Alleghanies, and on those mountains, the first name is generallyused. Just a mile from Philadelphia’s international airport, … The ruffed grouse, (Bonasa umbellus,)was adopted as Pennsylvania's state game bird on June 22, 1931, the same day its state tree was adopted. A remarkable difference of plumage is observed in specimens from theopposite parts of the continent, those from the eastern districts beinginvariably much greyer, especially on the tail-feathers, than those procuredalong the Ohio, or in Virginia. Most grouse are brown with white, gray, and black markings. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Bonap. Nor even when this Grouseascends to the top of a tree, does it make any greater noise than otherbirds of the same size would do. They are brought to the markets in great numbers, duringthe winter months, and sell at from 75 cents to a dollar apiece, in theeastern cities. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. During summer,these birds are fond of dusting themselves, and resort to the roads forthat purpose, as well as to pick up gravel. Iris hazel. Vintage postcard the Pennsylvania State Bird, the Ruffled Grouse, by artist Richard Sloan. State Bird of Pennsylvania By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. Pennsylvania is known as the "Keystone State"because of its central location among the US original thirteen colonies, Pennsylvania is where the US Declaration of Independence was signed and the Liberty Bell is located.The state contains the largest settlement of Pennsylvania Dutch (Amish and Mennonites) in the world. Birds of North America from in Pennsylvania. Upper tail-coverts banded with black.Tail reddish-yellow, barred and minutely mottled with black, and terminatedby a broad band of the latter colour, between two narrow bands of bluish-white,of which one is terminal. The Pennsylvania Ornithological Records Committee is tasked with keeping the Official List of the Birds of Pennsylvania, revised every five years for publication in Pennsylvania Birds, our statewide journal.The most recent version of the list (click to view) was published in July 2018. Most grouse are brown with white, gray, and black markings. This leads me to remark, that the prevailing notion which exists inalmost every district where these birds are numerous, that on firing atthe lowest bird perched on a tree, the next above will not fly, and thatby continuing to shoot at the lowest in succession, the whole may be killed,is contradicted by my experience; for on every attempt which I have madeto shoot several in this manner on the same tree, my efforts have provedunsuccessful, unless indeed during a fall of snow, when I have killed threeand sometimes four. Fish: Brook Trout. Photo by Susan Drury/Flickr (Use Permitted with Attribution). Pennsylvania State Symbols This resource allows students to color Pennsylvainia's state bird, flower, tree, and license plate. You must not be surprised that I thus express an opinion contradictoryto that of our Eastern epicures, who greatly prefer the flesh of the PinnatedGrouse to that of the present species, for I have had abundant opportunityof knowing both. For birders and identification of wild birds. The young run about and follow the mother, the moment after they leavethe egg. The food of this species consists of seeds and berries of all kinds,according to the season. Pennsylvania Government Resources Settlers relied on this plump, red-brown bird with the feathery legs as part of their food supply. Lower ruff feathers of the same colour, barredwith reddish-brown, the upper black, with blue reflections. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Ruffed Grouse, Swains. Diet: Omnivore; About 80% buds, leaves, flowers, seeds, and fruit; 20% insects, spiders, snails, small … I cannot conclude this article, kind reader, without observing how desirablethe acquisition of this species might be to the sportsmen of Europe, andespecially to those of England, where I am surprised it has not yet beenintroduced. Tips on attracting bluebirds, purple martins, hummingbirds and bird identification. © 2020 Powered by Digital Properties, LLC. These constant differences have temptedsome persons to suppose that we have two nearly allied species, insteadof one; but after the closest examination of all their parts, as well asof their habits, I never could find any thing tending to support this supposition.In some instances, the eggs of what I conceive a young female, have provedmuch smaller than others, and Dr. T. M. BREWER has procured in Massachusettsa laying of them minutely spotted with dull reddish-brown, on a groundof a light salmon colour. RUFFED GROUSE, Tetrao umbellus, Aud. Resident. Pennsylvania's 100 Best Birding Locations . Drumming occurs throughout the year, so long as his " drumming log" is not too deeply buried under snow. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. The Nifty Fifty. The drumming is performed in the following manner. RUFFED GROUSE, Nutt. About the beginning of May, the female retires to some thicket in aclose part of the woods, where she forms a nest. Check out our penn state birdhouse selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our feeders & birdhouses shops. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. AGE: Photo Chrome Era (1939-Present) CANCELLED: STAMPED: PUBLISHER: Dexter NUMBERED: 72914-C SIZE: Standard, 3.5 x 5.5 CONDITION: VG/EX (see GRADING STANDARDS below) ★ MORE VINTAGE BIRD … These birds have various enemies besides man. The same cause produces the same effect on differentbirds. The size of these birds, the beauty of their plumage, the excellenceof their flesh, and their peculiar mode of flying, would render them valuable,and add greatly to the interest of the already diversified sports of thatcountry. The names of Pheasant and Partridge have been given to the present speciesby our forefathers, in the different districts where it is found. Find information and services from Pennsylvania state government agencies. It was designated the Pennsylvania State Bird … During the short period of their lingeringalong the north-west shore of the Ohio that season, a great number of themwere killed, and they were sold in the Cincinnati market for so small asum as 12 1/2 cents each. vi. Many of them are taken alive intrap boxes during winter, although the more common method of catching orrather destroying them is by setting dead falls with a figure-of-four trigger. This is placed by theside of a prostrate tree, or at the foot of a low bush, on the ground,in a spot where a heap of dried leaves has been formed by the wind. Biog., vol. The Ruffed Grouse is still a familiar sight in Pennsylvania's forests. Great mouse practice for toddlers, preschool kids, and elementary students. The Pennsylvania ruffled grouse, sometimes called the partridge, was declared the state bird by the PA General Assembly on June 22, 1931. TETRAO UMBELLUS, Linn. Pennsylvania's 63,200 farms (occupying nearly 8 million acres) are the backbone of the state's economy, producing a wide variety of crops. vasantha t k … The duodenum, [h i], curves at thedistance of 4 inches. "Pennsylvania" is the official state song of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Early in April, the Ruffed Grouse begins to drum immediately after dawn,and again towards the close of day. A large space on the neck destitute of feathers, but coveredover by an erectile ruff of elongated feathers, of which the upper aresilky, shining, and curved forwards at the end, which is very broad androunded. The state flower of Pennsylvania is the mountain laurel. Theseare not equal in extent to the peregrinations of the Wild Turkey, our littlePartridge, or the Pinnated Grouse, but are sufficiently so to become observableduring the seasons when certain portions of the mountainous districts whichthey inhabit becomes less abundantly supplied with food than others. On my way to meet friends at Moraine State Park last Friday, I stopped to check a few coves for tundra swans. Should the bird discover that it is observed, its stepimmediately changes to a rapid run, its head is lowered, the tail is morewidely spread, and if no convenient hiding-place is at hand, it immediatelytakes flight with as much of the whirring sound as it can produce, as ifto prove to the observer, that, when on wing, it cares as little abouthim as the deer pretends to do, when, on being started by the hound, hemakes several lofty bounds, and erects his tail to the breeze. The campaign to adopt the ruffed grouse as the state bird was spearheaded by the General Federation of Women's Clubs (GFWC). The drummer usually stands on a log, stone or mound of dirt to drum - a stage for his display that also enables a more distant view. It also exists in the Texas.It is more abundant in our western, middle, and eastern districts thanin our southern states. Some places support a greater variety of species because of the richness or diversity of their habitats. State Dog: Great Dane Information about the official Pennsylvania state bird. Ruffed grouse; displaying for a hen. Pennsylvania is a great state for watching birds. Welcome. There is a statewide one (PARBA) and several regional ones (see … PLATE CCXCIII.–MALES AND FEMALE. Birds of Pennsylvania: Field Guide: by Stan Tekiela. It also feeds on the leaves of several speciesof evergreens, Although these are only resorted to when other food hasbecome scarce. [Bonasa umbellus.] Wings short, broad, much rounded and curved, the third and fourthquills longest. Use the map to pinpoint the location of the dead bird(s). Pennsylvania Birding Resources. p. 560. The list also contains U.S. territory birds as designated by each territory's legislature. Origin of State Name: In honor of Sir William Penn, father of William Penn. Syn., p. 126. The Pennsylvania Science Olympiad (PASO) Board of Directors welcome you to our state site, part of National Science Olympiad Inc. Science Olympiad increases the quality of K‑12 science education by providing learning opportunities and hosting regional and state tournaments. A-Z list of all state birds | best collection of beautiful bird pictures. It means “Penn's Woodland” State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence. The shooting of Grouse of this species is precarious, and at times verydifficult, on account of the nature of the places which they usually prefer.Should, for instance, a covey of these birds be raised from amongst Laurels(Kalmia latifolia) or the largest species of Bay (Rhododendron maximum),these shrubs so intercept the view of them, that, unless the sportsmanproves quite an adept in the difficult art of pulling the trigger of hisgun at the proper moment, and quickly, his first chance is lost, and thenext is very uncertain. To thewest of the head narrow and elongated intoa curved tuft, pheasants and... Flower, tree, and in the Texas.It is more abundant in our western, middle and... 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Cooper pennsylvania state bird s actions strive to Identify and conserve our highest priority and most threatened species.